Central Whidbey Island Fire & Rescue (CWIFR) traces its roots to the Coupeville Volunteer Fire Department, formed in the mid-1920s to provide fire protection for the Town of Coupeville. In the mid-1950s, the residents of the surrounding area formed Island County Fire District #5 to expand fire protection beyond the borders of the town.
The district eventually expanded to six stations serving Central Whidbey Island. By the late 1980s, the Town of Coupeville entered into an intergovernmental agreement with the Fire District to provide fire protection for the town, and over the next ten years, the district consolidated four smaller stations constructing larger facilities on Race Road in Coupeville and Day Road in Greenbank.
In 1998 the Town of Coupeville annexed into the fire district which was renamed Central Whidbey Island Fire & Rescue (CWIFR).
In 2011, the District further consolidated emergency response operations into three stations located on Main Street in Coupeville, on Race Road, and on Day Road in Greenbank.